The Later Rule - 101 

counsel is sought, the minister may send them to some God-fearing persons according to whose advice their goods may be distributed to the poor.

9Then they may be given the clothes of probation, namely, two tunics without a hood, a cord, short trousers, and a little cape reaching to the cord, 10unless, at times, it seems good to these same ministers, before God, to act otherwise. 11When the year of probation has come to an end, they may be received to obedience promising always to observe this rule and life. 12On no account shall it be lawful for them to leave this Order, according to the decree of our Lord the Pope, 13for, according to the Gospel: no one who puts a hand to the plow and looks to what was left behind is fit for the kingdom of God. Lk 9:62

14Those who have already promised obedience may have one tunic with a hood and another, if they wish, without a hood. 15And those who are compelled by necessity may wear shoes. 16Let all the brothers wear poor clothes and they may mend them with pieces of sackcloth or other material with the blessing of God. 17I admonish and exhort them not to look down upon or judge those whom they see dressed in soft and fine clothes and enjoying the choicest food and drink, but rather let everyone judge and look down upon himself.

[Chapter III]
The Divine Office, Fasting
and How the Brothers Should Go About in the World

1Let the clerical [brothers] recite the Divine Office according to the rite of the holy Roman Church excepting the psalter, 2for which reason they may have breviaries.a 3The lay [brothers], however, may say twenty-four Our Fathers for Matins, and five for Lauds; seven for each of the Hours of Prime, Terce, Sext, and None, twelve for Vespers, and seven for Compline. 4Let them pray for the dead.

5Let them fast from the feast of All Saints until the Lord’s Nativity. 6May those be blessed by the Lord who fast voluntarily during that holy Lent that begins at the Epiphany and lasts during the forty days which our Lord consecrated by His own fast; Lk 4:2 but those who do not wish to keep it will not be obliged. 7Let them fast, however, during the other [Lent] until the Lord’s Resurrection. 8At other times they may not be bound to fast except on Fridays.




Regula bullata, Fontes Franciscani, p. 173-174

9Si tamen consilium requiratur, licentiam habeant ministri mittendi eos ad aliquos Deum timentes, quorum consilio bona sua pauperibus erogentur.

10Postea concedant eis pannos probationis, videlicet duas tunicas sine caputio et cingulum, et braccas et caparonem usque ad cingulum, 11nisi eisdem ministris aliud secundum Deum aliquando videatur. 12Finito vero anno probationis, recipiantur ad obedientiam promittentes vitam istam semper et regulam observare. 13Et nullo modo licebit eis de ista religione exire iuxta mandatum domini papae, 14quia secundum sanctum Evangelium nemo mittens manum ad aratrum et aspiciens retro aptus est regno Dei.

15Et illi qui iam promiserunt obedientiam habeant unam tunicam cum caputio et aliam sine caputio qui voluerint habere. 16Et qui necessitate coguntur possint portare calciamenta. 17Et fratres omnes vestimentis vilibus induantur et possint ea repeciare de saccis et aliis peciis cum. benedictione Dei. 18Quos moneo et exhortor, ne despiciant neque iudicent homines, quos vident mollibus vestimentis et coloratis indutos, uti cibis et potibus delicatis, sed magis unusquisque iudicet et despiciat semetipsum.

[Caput III]
1De divino officio et ieiunio,
et quomodo fratres debeant ire per mundum

2Clerici faciant divinum officium secundum ordinem sanctae Romanae Ecclesiae excepto psalterio, 3ex quo habere poterunt breviaria. 4Laici vero dicant viginti quatuor Pater noster pro matutino, pro laude quinque, pro prima, tertia, sexta, nona, pro qualibet istarum septem, pro vesperis autem duodecim, pro completorio septem; 5et orent pro defunctis.

6Et ieiunent a festo Omnium Sanctorum usque ad Nativitatem Domini. 7Sanctam vero quadragesimam, quae incipit ab Epiphania usque ad continuos quadraginta dies quam Dominus suo sancto ieiunio consecravit, qui voluntarie eam ieiunant benedicti sint a Domino, et qui nolunt non sint astricti. 8Sed aliam usque ad Resurrectionem Domini ieiunent. 9Aliis autem temporibus non teneantur nisi sexta feria ieiunare.

Francis of Assisi: Early Documents, vol. 1, p. 101