Other Chronicles and References - 601 

flocked to him, marveling at such an unusual happening; among these were Cardinals themselves coming to inquire from him what this appearance meant.

To this he replied: “This manifestation has been revealed in me so that you, to whom I have preached the mystery of the Cross, may believe in him who, for the salvation of the world, bore on the Cross these wounds which you see here, and also that you may know that I am a servant of him whom I have preached to you, as crucified, dead and risen; and that, with all doubt being removed, you may persevere in constancy of faith until the end. These wounds in me which you now see open and bloody will become closed and healed as soon as I am dead, so that they will appear like the rest of my flesh.”

12 And very soon, without any bodily distress or suffering, he was freed from the flesh and returned his spirit to his Creator. After he had died, no marks of the wounds in his hands or feet or side remained. The man of God was buried in his oratory, and the Roman Pontiff inscribed him in the catalogue of the saints and ordered the day of his burial to be observed as a solemn feast.

13 . . . [At that time (1234)] the Preachers and the Minors, who have freely chosen poverty and humility, were raised to such heights, not to say arrogance [by Pope Gregory IX] that they sought to be received in religious houses and cities in solemn procession, with standards, lighted candles, and festive vestments; it was conceded to them to grant an indulgence of many days to their hearers; they signed people with the crusader vow one day, and on the next, when they gave money, they absolved them from the vow . . .a

Alberic of Trois-Fontaines (c.1227-35)

The author of yet another monastic chronicle, Alberic (+ after 1252), of the Cistercian abbey of Trois-Fontaines, near Chalons-sur-Marne, also gives some attention to Francis and his new brotherhood. The brief reports, under three different years, are quite matter-of-fact. These sections of the chronicle seem to

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Rerum Britannicarum--, Rerum Britannicarum..., p. no. 84, vol. 2, 35-36, 328-333


factus est ad eum concursus hominum utriusque sexus rem tam insolitam admirantium; inter quos etiam ipsi cardinales accedentes sciscitabantur ab eo, quid haec visio sibi vellet.

"Haec," inquit, "visio in me idcirco vobis ostensa est, quibus mysterium crocis praedicavi, ut credatis in Eum, qui pro mundi salute haec quae videtis vulnera in cruce pertulit, et etiam ut me sciatis ejus esse servum, quem evangelizavi vobis crucifixum, mortuum et resuscitatum, et ut, omni ambiguitate remota, in hac fidei constantia usque in finem perseveretis; haec vulnera, quae in me ita videtis aperta et sanguine cruentata, statim cum defunctus fuero adeo sana erunt et cohaerentia, ut carni caeterae similia videantur;"

qui continuo absque omni corporis angustia et cruciatu carne solutus reddidit spiritum suo Creatori. Quo defuncto, nulla vulnerum praedictorum in latere, vel pedibus ejus sive manibus, [stigmata] remanserunt. Sepulto autem viro Dei in oratorio suo, Romanos pontifex ipsum in catalogum sanctorum admisit, et diem ejus depositionis solemniter instituit celebrari.

In tantam nobilitatem, ne dicam arrogantiam elevabantur Predicatores et Minores, qui spontaneam paupertatem cum humilitate elegerunt, ut recipi curarent in cenobiis et civitatibus in processione sollempni, in vexillis, cereis accensis et in disposicione vestimentis festivis indutorum; et concessa est eis veniam multorum dierum suis conferre auditoribus, signatosque hodie cras, data pecunia, a crucis voto absolverunt....

Francis of Assisi: Early Documents, vol. 1, p. 601