General Introduction - 29 

  1. At the beginning of the fourteenth century Angelo Clareno quoted The Words of Saint Fran- cis in his Expositio Regulae fratrum minorum and Ubertino da Casale cites The Intention of the Rule in his Arbor Vitae.
  2. The editors have chosen to maintain Thomas of Celano's original title of this work, The Re- membrance of the Desire of a Soul (hereafter 2C) in order to highlight its unique literary character.
  3. Cf. Lazaro Iriate, Franciscan History: The Three Orders of St. Francis of Assisi, translated by Patricia Ross. Appendix, "The Historical Context of the Franciscan Movement" by Lawrence C. Landini. (Chicago: Franciscan Herald Press: 1979)31-40.
  4. Archivum Franciscanum Historicum 3 [1910]: 76, no. 74.
  5. For a summary of Bonaventure's earlier portraits of Francis, cf. The Disciple and The Master: St. Bonaventure's Sermons on St. Francis of Assisi, translated and edited, with an introduction, by Eric Doyle (Chicago: Franciscan Herald Press, 1982). How well Bonaventure described Francis in his earlier writings is a subject of debate. His experience on LaVerna in 1257, the result of which was his The Soul's Journey into God, undoubtedly influenced the portrait that emerges in the works commissioned by the Chapter of Narbonne.
  6. Cf. Bonaventure, Major Legend (hereafter LMj), Prologue 3.
  7. Miscellanea Franciscana 72 [1972]: 247. This decree finds a parallel in one of the Friars Preacher.
  8. According to the Oxford Latin Dictionary, the first meaning of the Latin verb, delere, is "to remove (written characters, or other marks) by wiping or scratching out, expunge, delete." The second meaning is "to destroy completely (buildings, etc.)." Since there is a question of parchment in- volved in this action, it is more reasonable to assume that the first meaning is more applicable. In either case, however, the result was the same: the majority of manuscripts of those earlier legends used by the brothers were obliterated.
  9. The Chronicle may have been commissioned during the Chapter of Padua in 1276. The pre- cise dates of its commission and its composition are debated, cf. Giuseppe Cremascoli, "Introduzione," Fontes Francescani (S. Maria degli Angeli: Edizioni Porziuncula, 1995) 1250-1251.
  10. Ubertino da Casale, Declaratio fratris Ubertini de Casale et sociorum eius contra falsitates datas per fratrem Raymundum procuratorem et Bonagratiam de Pergamo, edited by F. Ehrele, Zur Vorgeschichte des Concils von Vienne, "Archiv für litteratur- und kirchen-Geschichte des Mitellatlers" 3 (1887), 162-195.
  11. Lazaro Iriarte de Aspurz, Franciscan History: The Three Orders of St. Francis of Assisi, translated by Patricia Ross. Appendix, "The Historical Context of the Franciscan Movement" by Lawrence C. Landini. (Chicago: Franciscan Herald Press, 1983), xviii.
  12. Cf. Duncan Nimmo, Reform and Division in the Medieval Franciscan Order from Saint Francis to the Foundation of the Capuchins (Roma, Biblioteca seraphico-capucina, 1987).
  13. De cognatione beati Francisci, Assisi, Sacro Convento, Biblioteca, Ms. 558, f. 124: Beatus enim Franciscus habuit quatuor successores qui ejus vitam magis authentice scripserunt ut Christus quatuor evangelistas. [For Blessed Francis had four followers who wrote his life with great authen- ticity as Christ had four evangelists.]
  14. Annales minorum seu trium ordinum a s. Francisco institutorum, (Lyon: 1625); 3rd ed., (Quaracchi: 1931).
  15. Cf. infra p. 8.
  16. Bollandists, Acta Sanctorum (Venice: S. Coleti & J.B. Albrizzi, 1734-1770), forty-three volumes.
  17. Seraphici viri Sancti Francisci Asisiatis vitae duae, auctore B. Thoma de Celano, ejus discipulo; quarum una ad fidem ms. Recensita, altera nunc primum prodit, edited by Stefano Rinaldi (Rome: Ex Typographia S. Michaelis ad Ripam: Apud Linum Conditini, 1806).
  18. Seraphici viri s. Francisci Vitae duae auctore b. Thoma de Celano, ed. S. Rinaldi, (Rome: 1803).
  19. Nicolo Papini, La storia di S. Francesco di Assisi (Foligno: Giovanni Tomassini, 1825, 1827).
  20. Legenda di San Francesco d'Ascesi Scritta dalli Suoi Compagni, edited by Stanislao Melchiorri (Rencanati, Morici e Baldaloni, 1856).




Francis of Assisi: Early Documents, vol. 1, p. 29