Papal Documents - The Prophet - 789 

established by anyone, judging it harmful and void, any privileges which may have been conceded by our predecessor of happy memory, Martin IV, or any other of our predecessors to the said brothers or the Order under any form whatsoever notwithstanding.

11 Through this declaration, however, we do not intend to diminish in any way either the Rule of the same Order or the privileges conceded to either the brothers themselves or to their Order by the Apostolic See, unless they touch on the foregoing matters; rather, we wish them to remain in full force.

Given at Avignon, on the eighth day of December, in the seventh year of our pontificate (1322).

Constitution Cum Inter Nonnullos of Pope John XXII (1323)

John continued to receive challenges to his position even after issuing Ad conditorem. In April 1323, John canonized Thomas Aquinas, whose instrumental view of the nature of poverty John had adopted in his decree. In December, John determined to settle the underlying theological issue of the poverty of Christ with this bull.a As John H.R. Moorman maintains: "Ad conditorem had turned the brothers into possessors; now Cum inter nonnullos threatened to turn them into heretics."b The Order was dazed. The struggle between at least a good number of the brothers and John would continue for the rest of his pontificate, but it was clear that, at least officially, Francis would no longer serve as a prophet for a poor church.

John, Bishop, Servant of the servants of God, for an everlasting record.

1 Since it is the case that among various men of learning it is often doubted whether the persistent assertion—that our Redeemer and Lord Jesus Christ and his apostles did not have anything, either individually or in commonc—should be deemed heretical, as various people hold different and often contradictory opinions in the matter; we, wishing to put an end to this dispute, in accord with the counsel of our brothers, declare by this everlasting edict that a persistent assertion of this kind shall henceforth be deemed erroneous and heretical, since it expressly contradicts Sacred Scripture, which in a number of places asserts that they did have some things, and openly supposes that the Holy Scripture itself, from which undoubtedly the articles of the orthodox faith draw their authority, contains the seeds of falsehood with regard to the above-mentioned, and in




Francis of Assisi: Early Documents, vol. 3, p. 789