Chronicles - The Prophet - 829 

Bonaventure of Iseo, a man of great discretion. So at the chapter [of 1247] he was released from office because of his inadequacies and lack of eloquence.

4 The eighth general minister, John of Parma, was elected at this same general chapter. He held office for nine or ten years. A cultivated and spiritual man, he was sent at that time as an envoy to the Greek emperor with letters of great importance.a Because of this mission the Pope called him "the Angel of peace." For when he was there, everyone—not only the emperor, but the patriarch, the princes, the bishops, and all the clergy and people—was greatly edified by him, as much as for his way of life as for his knowledge and learning. He would in no way accept any of the many gifts which were offered him there; this also increased the esteem in which he was held. Having conducted himself so wisely and well in this charge which had been assigned to him, he certainly would have achieved the end for which he was sent, if both the Emperor and the Pope had not died in the Lord the same year.b But as the years went by, he had many prominent rivals who accused him before the Pope. They finally swayed the Pope,c who ordered him privately to resign from his office; furthermore, he was to refuse absolutely to accept it again, should the ministers choose to re-elect him. Brother Peregrine of Bologna had this from John's own mouth, because he served as the intermediary at this chapter between the ministers and John.

5 When Brother John was released from office, Brother Bonaventure of Bagnoregio was elected at the same chapter [1257] as the ninth general. He was a great doctor of theology and known by all. He held office for about sixteen years; then he was made a Cardinal, and was poisoned by a certain religious.d As a consequence of this poison, he passed to the Lord.

After him, Brother Jerome of Ascoli was elected as the tenth general minister. After completing a diplomatic mission to Greece while still general minister, he was promoted to the cardinalate and then elected Pope.e

The eleventh was Brother Bonagratia, who was from a village in the diocese of Bologna called San Giovanni in Persiceto. He lived for only a couple of years in office.f The twelfth was Brother Arlotto of

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Francis of Assisi: Early Documents, vol. 3, p. 829