Papal Documents - 779 

10Finally, the Rule says that "the brothers should not enter the monasteries of nuns, except those to whom special permission has been granted by the Apostolic See." We say that this prohibition affects especially the cloistered nuns of the Order of San Damiano, to whom no one has access without the express permission of the Apostolic See. And by the term monastery we mean the cloister, the living quarters, and workshops. But in regards to the other areas of the monastery, those brothers to whom the superiors have granted permission by virtue of their maturity and suitability may enter there, just as other religious, in order to preach or beg alms or for some other proper and reasonable cause.

It is forbidden, therefore, for anyone to tamper with this decree which we have confirmed, or rashly dare to oppose it. If anyone presumes to attempt this, let him know that he shall incur the anger of almighty God and of his blessed apostles Peter and Paul.

Given at Lyons, the fourteenth day of November, in the third year of our pontificate.

Benigna operatio of Alexander IV (1255)

The increasing criticism of the ministry of the mendicant orders not surprisingly once again raised questions about the authentic holiness of their founders. In particular, the alleged miracle of the stigmata of St. Francis, which for Franciscans was a divine confirmation of the saint's life and mission, came under special attack. In 1237, Gregory IX directed no fewer than three Papal documents to certain individuals and groups in central Europe who were denying the authenticity of the stigmata of St. Francis.a The election of the long-time cardinal protector of the Order, Cardinal Raynald di Jenne,b to the Papacy as Alexander IV late in 1254 came at a particularly critical time for the Franciscans, as the antmendicant movement was gaining strong theological support from the secular masters at the University of Paris. To demonstrate his unswerving support of the friars, Alexander retained his role as Protector of the Order even after his election to the Papacy. Over the next five years he directed four different letters which upheld the authentic-




Fontes Franciscani, p.

Per id autem, quod in eadem Regula continetur, quod Fratres non ingrediantur Monasteria Monacharum praeter illos, quibus a Sede Apostolica concessa fuerit licentia secialis?: dicimus ingressum in Monasteria tantummodo Monialium inclusarum Ordinis Sancti Damiani prohibitum fore ipsis; ad quae nemini licet ingredi, nisi ei a Sede Apostolica facultas super hoc specilaiter tribuatur. Et nomine Monasterii Claustrum, domos, & officinas interiores volumus comprehendi. Ad aliarum vero Coenobia Monialium possunt, sicut & alii Religiosi, Fratres illi ad praedicandum, vel petendum eleemosynam, aut pro alis honestis, & rationabilibus causis accedere, ac intrare, quibus id a Superioribus suis pro sua fuerit maturitate, vel idoneitate concessum.

Nulli ergo omnino hominum liceat hanc paginame nostrae declarationis infringere, vel ei ausu temerario contraire. Si quis autem hoc attentare praesumpserit, indignationem omnipotentis Dei, ac Beatorum Petri, & Pauli Apostolorum ejus se noverit incursurum.

Datum Lugduni xviiI. Kal. Decembris Pontificatus Nostri Anno Tertio.

Francis of Assisi: Early Documents, vol. 2, p. 779